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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 17, 2015 10:00am-10:31am EDT

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hello again, also to come on the program. [ gunfire ] >> a coup in bow key that fossa has the military declares that it now controls the country. a powerful earthquake strikes off of the coast of
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chile forcing a million people from their homes. plus -- >> translator: we can do the deal at my company. right now we only want african ivory. >> al jazeera goes undercover to find out how the illegal ivory trade is being funded. ♪ there have been chaotic scenes in croatia as riot police struggle to control thousands of refugees who have arrived from serbia. the croatian interior minister has warned that the country cannot receive anymore people. charlie angela has more on the latest developments on the refugee crisis in europe. >> reporter: after finding no other way, these refugees are moving on, boarding buses from
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serbia's northern frontier with hungary, after the border was sealed. they are now bound for croatia. it's a longer route into the european union, and they don't know what welcome to expect. >> i'm tired, yeah. my money is -- i lost my money. i want to go anywhere. anywhere. i don't have choice. >> reporter: off loaded a few hundred meters north of the border refugees are crossing on foot into the fields of croatia. soon picked up and registered they are being transported by trains to the capitol. the desired destination for most is germany, but slovenia says it
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will not create a safe corridor for them to pass through. at a press conference in bud pe pest, the e.u. commission said this -- >> crossing from one country to another is not a solution. the times are testing the union, are testing our union. and it is up to us, in a collective way to show our resilience. >> reporter: these refugees will now be divided into three groups. those who want to stay in croatia, those who don't, and those who belong in a special vulnerable category. back on the border with hungary, all of those left look vulnerable. these are the people who have chosen not to believe, risking the elements and further
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violence. >> i will stay here. i will not go to croatia and stay in slow vainia without work, without anything, so i will not go. >> reporter: they are determined the gates will eventually open, the barbed wire removed, and they will be free to move on toward ts the e.u. a member of the european parliament from croatia calls for unity in response to the crisis. >> the problem is with croatia, the government expected 500 to 2,000 refugees and they say we are well preprayered, we can help them. they were not prepared for this many refugees, when they started coming, they sent a train to pick them up, there was 5,000 people, that sent a train that only a thousand people can load in, and rest of them are now in
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a temperature of 30, 35 degrees. food is already running out. they were not prepared. >> and the indications are that the numbers are going to increase. >> the number is growing because -- from i heard there is about 10,000 of them, but they are coming through the corn fields. there's also one problem. there's a mine field in some places between croatia and serbia, so i just hope the people crossing through the fields they are not going through the regular border, i just hope to god they don't run into the mine fields. >> so far the government has sounded fairly amenable to the prospect of hosting some refugees. do you think that is going to change given the numbers we're talking about. >> what i have been seeing in the european parliament too, every country should take as many refugees as they can safely
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take. those people need jobs and a place to stay. they need something to live off. if they don't have any of that, they are going to have to turn to crime, and one time they turn to crime, then people are going to turn against them. so that's why every country should take as many people as they can safely take in. >> and how does your government feel about that? the prospect of taking in as many refugees as possible, because of course you are a very new member of the european union, and you are not a party to the shangin agreement, as far as i'm aware. >> they are going to greet the refugees give them a sandwich, drink, whatever they need, medical sup place, then they are going to send them on their ways to slovenia, austria, germany. but most of the countries are
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closing their borders and accusing each other of another doing enough. >> the mass movement of people that we're witnessing crossing europe are only some of the 4 million refugees that are seek safety in other countries. 250,000 people have died since the war broke out in 2011. in bah key that a few sew, an officer from the elite presidential guard says he has carried out a coup and dissolved parliament. he has assumed leadership and is asking the military to stand down. our correspondent has more. >> reporter: gunfire in the capitol, moments after military leader appeared on television confirming a coup that had taken place hours earlier.
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>> translator: dear patriots and democrats, we are intervening to enhance the removal of the transitional government. this will allow us to put in place a just and equal system. >> reporter: this was the scene in the night. people marched towards this presidential palace. the leaders were in a cabinet meeting when the guard stormed in and detained them. the government was formed by the former president and has been in transition in recent months. a report accused it of opening fire on protesters. violent mass protests that included setting the capitol on fire happened last october. >> this was a popular revolution so we want a civilian leader.
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>> translator: we prefer a civilian. we don't need military rule anymore. >> reporter: tensions have been building, especially ahead of elections scheduled for next month. members have been declared ineligible to run, those who supposed the ex-president's bid are also banned from running. the country has suffered from reoccurring droughts. it has significant reserves of gold, the economy is tough for many here. sanctions have been imposed in countries that witnessed coups. the question is whether this will work here. now almost a hundred people have been killed in an oil tanker explosion in south sudan. they were trying to get fuel
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from the truck as it veered off of the road. the incident happened in the west, 50 other people we understand have been seriously injured. but we can get more detail by talking to our correspondent. ana, this unfortunate incident seems as though these death toll is rising steadily. >> reporter: yes, i'm afraid so, i understand from the local government that the death toll has gone up to 176. so this is more people who have unfortunately succumb to their injuries. this tanker, i understand but on its way to a petrol station and it veered off of the road into a ditch. and we understand people were trying to siphon fuel out of the tanker, and that was how the
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explosion happened. >> and there have been severe fuel shortages in the country? >> reporter: possibly so, yes, which don't know what the motivation of these people was, but we do know there has been a shortage across the country. it can be very difficult to get ahold of petrol very often. so it's possible these people were desperate for this resource, and unfortunately this explosion may have happened as a result. >> thank you. now the swiss authorities have approved the ex -- extradition of a uruguayan citizen to the united states. he was arrested along with six other fifa officials. he is accused of receiving bribes. the 83 year old has 30 days to
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appeal against the decision. a powerful earthquake off of the coast of chile has forced a million people from their homes. the quake killed at least five people and triggers waves of up to 4.5 meters high. a tsunami alert has now been canceled. >> reporter: the 8.3 magnitude earthquake hit as thousands of chileans were traveling to the coast ahead of a holiday. people described buildings around them swaying and shaking. >> translator: we motion began slightly then got stronger and stronger. we were on the 12th floor and we were very afraid because it was not stopping. first it was side to side and then it was little jumps. >> translator: everything was moving so much that i had to hold the post because i couldn't standing ] then the after shock.
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the earthquake today was very strong. >> reporter: in the city, 46 kilometers from the epicenter of the quake, homes were damaged and the electricity was knocked out. waves have hit some areas and hazardous waves are expected along chile's coast. >> translator: we most important thing is to support the people, protect them and avoid anymore deaths or injuries. and ensure that all of the appropriate measures are taken. >> reporter: a series of powerful after shocks have been felt along the coastline. people have been told to leave their homes. huge cracks have split open the ground in a village in northern peru. destroying at least 24 houses. residents could onto watch as their houses collapsed into piles of rubble. authorities say the slow movement of soil caused the
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cracks. the owner of a modeling agency and a former congresswoman have been identified as two more mexicans killed when an egyptian aircraft accidentally fired at their convoy. they were among eight mexican tourists that died in the attack this week. mexico's foreign minister said she met survivors. still to come here at al jazeera, anger in japan's parliament ahead of the vote on expanding the role of the military. plus free of land mines after 20 years of hard work, find out how mozambique cleared itself of the legacy of war. ♪
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>> think croatian interior minister has warned that his country cannot receive anymore people. a military leader says he has carried out a coup and dissolved the temporary parliament. the west african land and air borders have been closed and a night curfew has been put in place. 176 people have been killed in an oil tanker explosion in south sudan. they were trying to get fuel
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from the truck after it veered off of the road. it happened on wednesday. controversial legislation that could allow for japanese soldiers to be sent to serve abroad is about to pass its next stage through japan's parliament. this is the scene in parliament as opposition mp's tried to block the passage of the bills. rob mcbride reports from tokyo. >> reporter: as the legislation has worked its way through parliament, so the protests outside of it have become passionate and more aggressive. for protesters like this one, the main fear is a return to the militarization that took place in the past. >> as long as it's [ inaudible ]
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administration, it's possible that the japan go back to militarism, and there might be another [ inaudible ] more dangerous than abe, so it's a real danger. >> reporter: the legislation will change how japan's self-defense forces can be deployed and used. until now the strict interpretation of the constitution means japan will only use force as a last result if it is directly attacked. but prime minister abe wants a broader definition. a definition that would allow japanese forces to be used overseas in support of an ally like the united states for so-called collective defense is. the prospect of japanese troops fighting overseas once more for the first time since world war ii is opposed by more than half
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of the japanese public. when abe called a snap election last year, he was riding high in the polls. this has called his numbers to plummet, but he seems undeterred. there is also wide-spread opposition to the way he is using his majority in both houses of the parliament to push through the changes. >> except for two and three exceptions, all of the other professors, and experts are saying that, well, it is unconstitutional, so i think this is also the course that they have to take into account. >> reporter: it seems despite the damaging fallout, abe and his allies believe it is a cost japan can and should bear. seven senior political
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figures have been expelled from the democratic republic of congo parliament. the president has been criticized for his plans to delay elections. opponents say he is trying to stay in power beyond his two-term limit as set out by the constitution. but people are not happy in parts of the capitol as haru mutasa reports. >> reporter: we're told this is what lead to people being fired. some senior influential politicians were concerned that the president will try to hang on to power. [ inaudible ] it was ignored, after a third letter the president had a meeting within the circle and said enough is enough, he ordered these people to resign, they didn't, and then he fired them. then he sent out an order that
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said i know there are others that want me to leave, you can resign and if you don't you will be fired. the opposition have been protesting in the capitol. that protest has turned violent. we're told in other parts of the country, people are planning another protest. the u.n. is very concerned. they are trying to get all sides to sit down to talk, they are concerned that if this doesn't happen, there could be more violence in the city. a major concern. but they are trying to deal with issues to ease the country. a lot of people very tense right now. people concerned about the way forward for this country, and if the president does try to hang on to power, people are concerned there will be more violence on the streets. mozambique has been cleared of land mines after 20 years of intensive work to rid the country of almost 200,000 of
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them. the land mines were the legacy of a long civil war as tania page now reports. >> reporter: these huge row identifies are the unlikely heros in mozambique's success of eliminating land mines. it is now the first large country to be completely cleared of the lethal legacy of a civil war. it has been slow painstaking work that has taken decades. about 170,000 land mines have been cleared. human rights watch says it is a break through for the continent. >> mines take away limbs so [ inaudible ] economic development, mozambique can move forward now to claim that land to use it for development, for agriculture, for infrastructure, so it is great news for us. >> reporter: the land mines may be gone, but the effect on the people is clear.
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it's estimated they have killed or wounded hundreds of people like this person. it's 16 years since the anti-personnel land mine convention came into force. 162 countries have moved on. mines are rarely used now, but countries like china have millions of mines stockpiled. today the number killed is down to about 900. mozambique's achievement could inspire other countries that it is possible to be rid of land mines. >> reporter: these indiscriminate weapons are designed to kill or maim. while the people here may now be safe, work continues on clearing land mines in a number of countries. tania page, al jazeera. much of the world is on stand by today because the main interest rate in the u.s. which
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has been zero since the financial crisis of 2008 is expected to change. the federal reserve is expected to raise -- rates today. our correspondent explains. >> reporter: it's almost hard to believe when you say it out loud but interest rates in the united states haven't risen in a decade. don't get me wrong, things have improved since the dark days, governments have thrown plenty at the crisis and in the united states unemployment is at 5.1% which is considered to be full employment. but now we have china's economy slowing, and there is a new factor to consider. markets seem to be in perpetual fear of what might happen. let's consider everything at stake here, because this will have international ramifications. first off, the world bank and
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the international monetary firm believe that the head of the federal reserve should delay a hike until next year. if they go up, it will likely prompt a rocky time in other countries. a rise would cause money to pour out, and their currencies to devalue. and there's potential further trouble, corporations in emerging markets which have taken out loans in u.s. dollars will find their repayments rising. that will again put a break on growth. and of course, people in the united states who don't have fixed rate mortgages and loans, those payments will increase too. but there will be winners too, and they will be in the banking industry. if we were to just assume a 1 percentage point rise, for a bank like jpmorgan that will be an extra $2 billion in income.
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janet yellen has only been the head of the u.s. federal reserve since february of this year. if she makes the call to increase rates, it will be a huge first move. in the u.s. state of texas is muslim teenager who had made a homemade clock and taken it to school was then lead away from the school in hand cuffs. the 14 year old teacher expected that the clock was a bomb. police later said no charges have been filed but there has been massive support for the boy after his brief arrest. president obama invited him to the white house, and mark zuckerberg of facebook invited him to the company headquarters. chinese demand for ivory is fuelling an illicit trade that is worth billions of dollars poacher ts are killing an
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estimated 30,000 elephants a year. steve choi reports. >> reporter: in tanzania, a heard of wild elephants move through grass lands. but their numbers are dropping by the day. slaughtered by poachers for their ivory tusks. >> translator: they follow it until they are very close. they use the gun to shoot. [ gunfire ] >> translator: and after it dies they take the axe and cut and cut and cut. >> reporter: while those at the top of the trade make handsome profits, desperately poor villagers risk much for very little reward. >> translator: this job is very dangerous. if you are caught you are shot. >> reporter: the illegal trade is being fuelled by a growing demand from china, where ivory remains a highly-prized status symbol. 101 east travelled to importa e
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importance -- tanzania to this busy port. custom officials seized some 33 tons of ivory here. >> they are checking 100% of the cargoes. >> we are determined to stop the illegal poaching of elephants and ending illegal trade in elephant ivory. >> reporter: under cover we meet dealers willing to smuggle ivory. >> translator: it's possible to do it illegally. >> reporter: and in shanghai we find buyers experienced in the trade. >> translator: we can pay cash on delivery. we can do the deal of my company. right now we only want african ivory. we only want african ivory. >> reporter: with the smuggling and sells so common place, despite global efforts to stop the trade there has been little
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progress in stopping theel elephants from disappearing in decades. >> you can see the full program at 2230 greenwich meantime on al jazeera. and you can catch up with all the day's news on the website. ♪ republican contenders pile on the insults against donald trump, but this morning the g.o.p. front runner is not the candidate being talked about the most. general motors reaches a settlement over the ignition switch problem. and riot police deployed in croatia, as thousands of refugees cross t


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